Cerebral Palsy

What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral Palsy (CP) describes a non-progressive disability caused by damage to the developing brain. It primarily affects the brains ability to control muscles, movement and posture.

It is the most common physical disability in children and in the UK affects about one in every 400 children. It usually occurs during pregnancy, around the time of birth or within the first three years of a child’s life (Bobath Centre, London 2017).

cerebral palsy

There are three main presentations of cerebral palsy depending on which areas of the brain have been affected and so the range of difficulty for each child, adolescent and adult can vary enormously.

Spastic cerebral palsy

The most common type of CP is termed ‘Spastic CP’. A child or adult will experience increased stiffness and tightness of certain muscles causing a decreased range of movement.  Spasticity can be very painful and can affect different areas of the body.

Dyskinetic cerebral palsy

Sometimes referred to as dystonic, athetoid or choreoathetoid cerebral palsy. ‘Dyskinetic CP’ causes uncontrolled, involuntary, sustained or intermittent muscle contractions and is often accompanied with slow, rhythmic movements. The whole body can be affected which can make it difficult to maintain a stable position and voluntary movements.

Ataxic cerebral palsy

‘Ataxic CP’ is defined as an inability to activate the correct pattern of muscles during movement. Balance and co-ordination is affected and the person may find it difficult to judge their body position in relation to things around them. Most people with ataxic cerebral palsy can walk but they will be wobbly with uncoordinated movements.

Here at MNC we have both paediatric and adult Bobath trained physiotherapists’ as well as International Bobath Tutors. We have a wealth of experience and are highly trained in movement analysis and neurological rehabilitation. Due to this, we can offer a seamless transition from paediatric and adolescence through to adulthood.

We have excellent facilities including spacious and private clinical areas, access to a local hydrotherapy pool, a treadmill that can accommodate small children. We have links with other health professionals, such as orthotists, occupational therapists and specialist equipment providers enabling a holistic approach to therapy.  We can offer home, nursery and school visit appointments depending on the individuals’ needs and goals. Our experienced and competent physiotherapy assistant can support both therapy and hydrotherapy programmes.

We are committed to help every patient maximise their physical ability to allow them to play, learn or work, by maximising their potential to thrive in their environment rather than adapt their environment to their disability.



Read further patient Experiences HERE.



Cerebral Palsy


Bobath Centre